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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 143-149

Angiographic profile of coronary arteries in Keralite population

Associate Professor of Anatomy, Government Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
M P Apsara
Associate Professor of Anatomy, Government Medical College, Kozhikode - 673008, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background and aims: The incidence of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) has reached alarming proportions in India. The pathological hall mark of CAD is myocardial ischemia resulting from the atherosclerotic narrowing of coronary arteries. In this era of advanced interventions and cardiac surgery, a thorough knowledge of normal and variant anatomy of coronary arteries is of prime significance and of great use both to the clinicians and anatomists. Materials and methods: One hundred coronary angiograms of patients free of disease were studied in detail in different profiles. The data obtained was quantified according to their frequencies. The relation between the length of left main coronary artery and coronary artery dominance was statistically analyzed using the ‘Chi Square test for Trend’. Results: This study highlighted some interesting findings such as the origin of Sino- atrial nodal artery from the second segment of right coronary artery in 3% of cases, double right marginal artery in 4% cases. Other variations such as Mouchet’s posterior recurrent interventricular artery, origin of circumflex artery from the right coronary artery and abnormal communication between the terminal parts of right coronary artery and circumflex artery were each noticed in 1 % of cases. Conclusions: Coronary arteries and their branches are prone to variations in their course and morphology. Prior knowledge about this is important for the interpretation of coronary angiograms and surgical myocardial revascularization. The present work on normal and variant pattern of coronary arteries will help in gathering momentum to the already advancing research work in this field.

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